Annotated leather tanning workshops and brewing in ancient Egypt, about the use of mineral products, vegetable and animal since five thousand years ago recorded the first Chinese pharmacopoeia, and about the use of purple by the Phoenicians extracted from marine mollusks to dye cloth and fabrics, are landmarks in the evolution of the human species and some of the first information regarding concerns about organic chemistry.
The end of the century - XVIII - century appeared the first classifications of substances from vegetable and animal were organic substances (by analogy with the fact that they are produced by living organisms) and the mineral were called inorganic minerals (no life).
Organic chemistry the term was introduced in 1808 by J.J. Berzelius you associate with all substances that are produced by living organisms and have in turn a vital force. force theory would be disproved in 1828 by F. Wöhler, who won for the first time in the laboratory by synthesis, an organic compound, urea. F. Wöhler noted that by the action of ammonium chloride, NH4 + NCO – and
Silver chloride, AgCl :
AgNCO + NH4 + NCO – →NH4NCO + AgCl ;